"...there is the illusion that the new Germany left after the annexations can be reduced to a "Pastoral State." It cannot be done unless we exterminate or move 25,000,000 people out of it. This would approximately reduce Germany to the density of the population in France."http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/History/History-idx?type=turn&entity=History.omg1947n087.p0030&id=History.omg1947n087&isize=M
Herbert Hoover, April 1947.
Herbert Clark Hoover war der 31. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika zwischen 1929 und 1933.Wikipedia: The President's Economic Mission to Germany and Austria
...those [Morgenthau plan] ideas permeated much of American thinking, especially in the War Department, right up to the time of Secretary [James F.] Byrnes' important Stuttgart speech in [September] 1946. They were reflected in the basic directive for the occupation of Germany, which was a kind of Bible for all that was done during the early days of the occupation, the paper known as JSC-1067.
Well, to us those months between V-E Day and mid-'46 seemed a long time. That's when much of the dismantling was taking place.
....it gradually became clear to our people who had favored the Morgenthau plan that in our own interest, in terms of our ability to accomplish our political goals in Germany, you had to give them hope for the future. How could we make them a democratic country by treating them as the Romans treated the Carthaginians.
I guess the turning point was Secretary Byrnes' speech in Stuttgart in September 1946. By that time after the experience of running occupied Germany for a year, the more Draconian policies of JCS-1067 were being interpreted differently.http://www.trumanlibrary.org/oralhist/lightner.htm#46 (Archiv-Version vom 06.08.2011)
E. Allan Lightner, Jr.
Assistant Chief, 1945-47, and Associate Chief, 1947-48, of the Central European Affairs Division, Department of State; Deputy Director, Office of Political Affairs, U.S. High Commission, Frankfurt, Germany, 1949-51; and Deputy Chief of Mission and Counselor of the American Embassy, Korea, 1951-53.