Fierna schrieb:Ich kümmere mich heute abend nochmal um die "Darlegung" dessen, das ist mir jetzt zu leidig...auch wenn es dann genauso leidige Arbeit ist, die wieder weggeglaubt wird.------
The Iranian government supplies the vast majority of Hezbollah’s income. According to the U.S. Treasury’s Under-Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence Sigal Mandelker in June 2018, Iran provides Hezbollah with up to $700 billion annually, more than three times previous estimates.* Iran helped develop the organization to boost its own “ability to deploy armed revolutionaries among the [Shiite] strongholds” in Lebanon, according to analyst Anoushiravan Ehteshami. During the Iran-Iraq War, Iran viewed Hezbollah as its opportunity to gain access to the wider Arab world.* The IRGC provided Hezbollah with its initial financial support and training.*
Iranian financial and military support is largely passed to Hezbollah through the Quds Force, the elite branch of the IRGC.* The U.S. Department of Defense estimated in 2010 that Iran provides Hezbollah with $100 million to $200 million annually.* Iran allegedly provided up to $600 million to Hezbollah for its political campaigns, and Israeli intelligence estimated that Iran had directly provided Hezbollah with more than $1 billion from the end of the 2006 war to 2009.* In 2004, Mohammed Raad, then-leader of Hezbollah’s “Loyalty to the Resistance Bloc” in the Lebanese parliament, acknowledged that Hezbollah had received funding from Iran for “health care, education and support of war widows.”*
However, in 2009—due to the devastating effects on the Iranian economy resulting from international sanctions because of its nuclear program—Iran reportedly cut Hezbollah’s budget by as much as 40 percent.* Hezbollah turned to its already thriving criminal enterprises to make up the shortfall.
In June 2016, Nasrallah denied that Hezbollah has any outside business ventures or sources of income other than Iran. “We are open about the fact that Hezbollah’s budget, its income, its expenses, everything it eats and drinks, its weapons and rockets, come from the Islamic Republic of Iran,” he said in a publicly broadcasted speech.* In response to U.S. financial sanctions, Nasrallah warned that “[as long] as Iran has money, we have money… Just as we receive the rockets that we use to threaten Israel, we are receiving our money. No law will prevent us from receiving it.”
Hezbollah was reportedly forced to cut its budget in 2019 in response to decreased funding from Iran as a result of renewed U.S. sanctions on that country in 2018. According to reports from Hezbollah members, fighters are being reassigned or furloughed at reduced or no salaries. Hezbollah’s al-Manar media group in Lebanon also reportedly laid off staff and canceled programming
Is Hezbollah Going Broke?https://www.newsweek.com/2015/01/23/hezbollah-going-broke-299139.html
BY JEFF NEUMANN ON 01/15/15 AT 1:14 PM EST
But the good times may now be over for Hezbollah and its supporters. Iranian oil profits, which have lubricated the proxy group with hundreds of millions of dollars a year, appear to be drying up. Western sanctions, imposed on Tehran due to its nuclear program, coupled with falling oil prices, have emptied the coffers of the Islamic Republic. Crude now trades at less than $50 per barrel, down from more than $100 in June, due to lower global demand, oversupply in the Middle East and the rise of the American fracking industry. Meanwhile, Iran has reportedly seen its oil exports fall by 60 percent since 2011, and the country's budget deficit has climbed to an astounding $9 billion.
Defense Minister Hossein Dehgan visited Moscow in February 2016, reportedly to discusshttps://fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/R44017.pdf
possible purchases of $8 billion worth of new conventional arms, including T-90 tanks, Su-30
aircraft, attack helicopters, anti-ship missiles, frigates, and submarines. Such purchases would
require Security Council approval under Resolution 2231, and U.S. officials have said the United
States would use its veto power to deny approval for the sale. Russia, in particular, can be
expected to oppose any effort to extend the arms purchase restriction.
Resolution 2231 also requires Security Council approval for Iranian transfers of any weaponry
outside Iran until October 18, 2020. Separate U.N. Security Council resolutions ban arms
shipments by any state to such conflict areas as Yemen (Resolution 2216) and Lebanon
(Resolution 1701). U.S. officials assert that Iran regularly violates this restriction, but the U.N.
Security Council has not, to date, agreed on any punishments for these apparent violations.
Iran’s defense budget generally runs about 4% of GDP, but was higher (6%) in 2018. Iran’s 2018-
2019 defense budget was about $25 billion,46 up from about $23 billion in 2017. These
observations appear to support President Trump’s 2018 assertion that Iran’s defense budget had increased 40% since the JCPOA has been implemented. The Administration asserts that the
reimposition of U.S. sanctions as of late 2018 has caused Iran’s defense budget to shrink in the
2019-2020 Iranian budget year.47 Of the defense budget, about two-thirds funds the IRGC and its
subordinate units, and about one-third funds the regular military (Artesh) and its units. GCC
combined defense spending reached about $100 billion in 2019.48
S.18 - 19
Aber das hatte ich ja eh schon belegt und scheint evtl sogar noch höher zu sein
But, secondly, the devaluation of the Rial against the US dollar from April 2018 to October 2018 meant that defence spending in dollar terms decreased from US$21.4bn to US$19.6bn in just six months. This underscores the fact that large increases in local currency, impressive as they might seem, do not necessarily reflect an over-prioritisation of the regime on defence spending. Even so, when measured in real-terms, Iran’s military expenditure is still 53% higher in 2018 than it was five years ago (see graph).https://www.iiss.org/blogs/military-balance/2018/11/decode-iran-defence-spending
Ich hoffe einfach mal....dass man das mit dem Bargeld jetzt nicht nochmal belegen muss....
Das ballistische Raketenprogramm hatten wir ja auch schon
July 2015: The P5+1 group of countries (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) agree to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran. In a related action, the U.N. Security Council unanimously adopts resolution 2231, which prohibits the supply, sale, or transfer of missile-related items to Iran until October 2023, or until the IAEA confirms that all nuclear material in Iran is in peaceful activities. The resolution also calls upon Iran not to undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles "designed to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons" over the same period of time.https://www.iranwatch.org/our-publications/weapon-program-background-report/iran-missile-milestones-1985-2019
November 2015: Iran's defense minister confirms that the contract for the delivery of the S-300 air defense system from Russian to Iran has been signed. According to media reports, the systems will be delivered by September 2016 and Iranian military personnel will receive training at the Mozharsky Academy in St. Petersburg.
January 2017: The Iranian parliament approves a bill that requires the government to increase the country's defense power through further missile development and the expansion of air defense capabilities. The bill is part of Iran's Sixth Economic Development Plan (2016-2021).